The main purpose of the economics methodology and the analysis of economic thought - as foundations of the Bachelor's degree course in "Economics, Markets, and Development" (L33) - is to understand and deepen the economic theories originated in time both in terms of the relationship between economic facts and economic models, and with regard to the methodological evolution of the theoretical profiles. In line with the aims of the Bachelor's degree course, much time will be dedicated to the analytical aspects of the economic theories considered in order to understand that economic thinking is neither unique nor immutable. What is meant to emphasise is that, so understood, the economics methodology and the analysis of economic thought are essential and indispensable parts of the wealth of knowledge and expertise of which an economist of the 3rd Millennium should be adequately supplied: Their analytical study, in fact, leads us to reflect both on the complexity of economic phenomena and on the pluralism of ideas and techniques of economics according to a dynamic and interdisciplinary vision of knowledge, within which different contents and perspectives, as well as often conflicting dialectics, are compared with one another. More specifically, the reflection on the concepts of value, utility, labour, and capital helps to explain the theoretical framework of classical and neoclassical political economy starting from the theoretical concept of general equilibrium and from what it has meant in terms of analysis of economic-financial phenomena, such as the various types of crisis. Through the progressive accumulation of knowledge and controversy between different schools of thought and between individual economists, the course has therefore the general objective of expanding the "economic culture" of the students as well as that of deepening some crucial topics of Microeconomics and Macroeconomics.
EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES
After completing the course, students will tend to acquire a working methodology of a systematic and analytical nature, especially in the socio-economic comparative perspective. Furthermore, the knowledge gained will be preparatory for all the basic and advanced economics as well as applicable to attain various skills: (i) to identify and reconcile the economic theories; (ii) to distinguish and analyze the main methodological approaches; (iii) to develop a critical approach in the field of economic analysis and modelling.