STRUCTURAL MORPHOLOGY IN DESIGN
The course is a "link" among industrial design, architecture, structure; we will face the problem of the structures shapes, of their sense in relation to the employed materials, to the environment and to the productive process as well as of their relation with the building culture.
The objectives aim to:
- give a reference framework for the knowledge of the materials (environmental, chemical-physic);
- give the tools for controlling the principal requirements related to the structural systems behaviour, in particular for the light structures;
- give adequate capabilities for analysing and designing small contextualized constructive systems.
The course foresees lessons, seminaries and laboratories of models experimentation.
The first phase, aimed at configuring the 'knowledge', is focused on communications aimed at providing the basic information to face the design choices of any product; the topics covered concern: the materials, introducing the concepts of sustainability in the analysis of the life cycle with particular attention to the production processes; notes on the behavior of heavy and pushing structural systems, with connection readings with objects of use; light structural systems, with connection readings with objects of use; the relationship between needs and origin of the structural archetypes, with link readings with living microsystems; notes on constructive cultures with the introduction of the concept of temporariness and disassembly / transportability of systems. The second phase, aimed at developing the 'skills', is focused on the direct experimentation of the main concepts underlying the functioning of light structures through the construction of functional models (learning by making); in particular the constructive problems will be addressed, with the consequent behavioral evaluation, of linear reticular systems, geodesics, ruled surfaces, funicular systems and membranes. The third phase, aimed at configuring the 'competence', provides a workshop experience where to verify the ability to use the knowledge and skills acquired, in predefined contextual situations. In particular, a project will be configured according to procedural steps where the material and constructive-structural choices will emerge, the responses to the system of demand, the degree of flexibility of the building (construction reversibility) and the analysis of the life cycle for an assessment of the level of achieved sustainability.
Verification of learning and methods of examination
According to the course setting, there will be continuous monitoring of learning. In particular, in the laboratory experimentation students will be followed in the construction of the models related to the different structural typologies and the understanding of the product will be verified. Likewise, in the design laboratory where the theme of the year will be developed, the project will be monitored in successive steps concerning the construction process phases with the evaluations of the options made in relation to the materials, the systems, the production and constructive methods. The exam will take place with a final interview aimed at ascertaining the skills acquired in supporting a critical discussion on the project developed during the course by the student.
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